Three roles as a peer reviewer


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Sep 04, 2017

Alicia Newton, Senior Editor for Nature Geoscience, describes three roles played by a peer reviewer: as gatekeeper, as advisor to the authors, and as consultant to the journal editor.

  • - It's important to remember 00:03
  • that you have three roles as a reviewer. 00:04
  • First, you're acting as a gatekeeper, 00:07
  • making sure that only papers 00:10
  • that are accurate and well supported 00:12
  • by the results presented 00:15
  • make it into the scientific literature. 00:17
  • But you're also acting 00:19
  • as an advisor to the authors. 00:21
  • You're helping them to improve their own work 00:23
  • in providing constructive comments, 00:25
  • and where they can make it 00:27
  • either more rigorous, 00:29
  • or even where they can push the bounds 00:30
  • of their interpretation a bit more, 00:32
  • to make it more interesting. 00:33
  • Finally, you're acting as a consultant to the editor. 00:36
  • You're lending your particular 00:39
  • technical expertise to them. 00:41
  • Because they're not going to be well versed 00:43
  • in every single aspect of every paper they handle. 00:46
  • And you're helping them to make a decision as well, 00:49
  • as to whether this paper is something 00:52
  • they want to see published in their own journal. 00:54
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Alicia Newton

Senior Editor, Nature Geoscience, Springer Nature

Throughout her studies Alicia has focused on various aspects of micropalaeontology and palaeoceanography. A graduate of the University of South Carolina, her areas of research include Palaeozoic palaeontology and micropalaeontology, Quaternary climate and oceanographic change, and the development of palaeoceanographic proxies. She has also been active in secondary and undergraduate geoscience education practice and pedagogy. Alicia joined Nature Geoscience in July 2007. Alicia is currently a senior editor at Nature Geoscience, and has been with the journal for 10 years. Prior to joining Nature Research, she was completing a PhD in geosciences at the University of South Carolina, Columbia, where she reconstructed temperature and salinity variations in the Indo-Pacific warm pool over the past 26,000 years.

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