179 Comments

Go to the profile of Kyriaki  Nomikou
Kyriaki Nomikou 12 months ago

Start writing when I do have answers in my questions. So results from the analysis of my experiments are the starting point of a paper

Go to the profile of Balder Villagomez-Bernabe

After to analyse the results

Go to the profile of Barry B Wolfe
Barry B Wolfe 10 months ago

I recommend to my students to begin writing their paper (in their head at first) from the beginning of a project. When the direction of the project becomes clear, then each subsequent experiment becomes part of a figure and the experiment should be planned such that all the necessary controls are included and the data organized in a way that you could explain (in a poster or a journal article) what the hypothesis of that experiment was, what the data show, and the conclusions derived from the experiment. The summation of the experiments should provide a story that can be narrated in the paper. Early in my career, students would do many experiments, generate data to support a hypothesis but, when it came to writing the paper, most of the experiments were not in a publishable format and new experiments, designed to generate figures in a paper, would need to be done. Thus, thinking about each of your experiments as generating a figure helps to guide you to design the experiment properly from the beginning.

Go to the profile of Desiree Wilson
Desiree Wilson about 2 months ago

Great recommendation. Thank you. :)

Go to the profile of Dr Idah Manduna
Dr Idah Manduna about 1 month ago

This is very useful.


Go to the profile of Sally Davis
Sally Davis 10 months ago

I frame out the initial results as figures and then attempt to envision what the final figure set for a paper would be.

Go to the profile of Patricia Coulter
Patricia Coulter 9 months ago

I start to write ideas as soon as I start. I write out ideas often dis organised and then have difficulty finding what I have written. Sometimes I write things when I am reading papers

Go to the profile of Dinara Ikramova
Dinara Ikramova 9 months ago

I found that starting to write before the experiments helps a lot in identifying the gaps in my knowledge, especially in terms of which chemicals to use, do they interfere with the tests I am planning to do, are the tests themselves make sense and measure what I think they should measure. Writing as I read is also very beneficial as it ensures that you actually understand what you have read.

Go to the profile of Zilu Liu
Zilu Liu 9 months ago

I think start when I find the mainline, namely, when I get some primary results which can support and be worth further study.

Go to the profile of Katherine Crichton
Katherine Crichton 9 months ago

As other comments here, I'd start to plan out a paper if I have some interesting/valuable results. Maybe it depends a bit on the discipline? I work a lot with modelling, so of course to plan out experiments and the research question comes way before any results arrive. However, to actually put time aside to start a paper then I definitely wait to have a couple of good plots and a new contribution to the field to make.

Go to the profile of Neil White
Neil White 9 months ago

I tend to write pseudo-papers for a while to explain the finding to colleagues. This is often done in Evernote these days. As I write I find gaps that lead to changes in the model, or I realise that I've reached a dead end or am contradicting my original idea, but sometimes it leads to a publication.

Go to the profile of Vadim Volkov
Vadim Volkov 9 months ago

Basically it's good to start a new project with a sort of a review of the research area. The next step is an experimental paper, which depends on the results, here the results are determining. A paper can not be started without any novel reliable good results. Lack of results or routine results will not lead to any reasonable publication.

Go to the profile of Benaissa Kheir-Eddine
Benaissa Kheir-Eddine 9 months ago

After analysing the results

Go to the profile of Haidi Hu
Haidi Hu 9 months ago

After I have some data.

Go to the profile of Hoa Nguyen
Hoa Nguyen 9 months ago

I started writing after collecting enough experiment data. But now I think I may change.

Go to the profile of Sally Wasef
Sally Wasef 8 months ago

Not before analysing my results

Go to the profile of Isabela Castro
Isabela Castro 8 months ago

I usually start with few experiments to confirm the study and then I organise my experimental data in a presentation form with some topics to be investigated later

Go to the profile of Isabela Castro
Isabela Castro 8 months ago

I usually start with few experiments to confirm the study and then I organise my experimental data in a presentation form with some topics to be investigated later

Go to the profile of Gitu Pandey
Gitu Pandey 8 months ago

It should be started as soon as you have conceptualized the idea and decided what all experiment you need to conduct in order to prove your proposed hypothesis. Writing , in fact, gives a firm basis for performing the experiments and discovers the flaws or gaps in experiments design so that they could corrected in time. Also, as you will refer to even more literature during writing, it will keep you updated regarding your research.

Go to the profile of Tania Herrera
Tania Herrera 8 months ago

After I have the results

Go to the profile of Kwadwo Asare Owusu
Kwadwo Asare Owusu 8 months ago

I usually start writing after I have obtained chunk part of the data, which I believe is compelling enough to write a good paper. However, I have come to realize that I tend to spend a month or sometimes, 2 in writing a good draft (full paper) after the completion of the experiment. I think it would be worthwhile to write in bits instead of waiting till the completion of the experiment before dedicating time to the writing of the paper.

Go to the profile of Adan  Jordan-Garza
Adan Jordan-Garza 8 months ago

Well I don t start writing the paper until have finished the data analysis; but before starting any project, I (or my team) have written a project proposal that has an introduction, objectives, rationale, materials and methods and expected results; this is almost like the skeleton for the following publication.

Go to the profile of Dr. Sanjaya Chauhan
Dr. Sanjaya Chauhan 8 months ago

I start writing when I have new idea.

Go to the profile of Vanessa Vila
Vanessa Vila 8 months ago

I start the writing process in the planning of the research. Actually nowadays I start to do that, before I realized that it improves the chances of my ideas are writing in a logic and understandable way. It is challenging but it is helping me a lot!

Go to the profile of Mervat Mohamed
Mervat Mohamed 8 months ago

I START WRITING AFTER I FINISHED MY EXPERIMENT, WHEN ALL RESULTS CONFIGURE ONE CONCLUSION

Go to the profile of Arcadi Cipponi
Arcadi Cipponi 8 months ago

I usually start writing the paper when I have a strong evidence that the driving hypothesis was correct or when unexpected data are really convincing. Then from here I try to round the results with additional experiments.

Go to the profile of Massimiliano Galluzzi
Massimiliano Galluzzi 8 months ago

After a long research process condensed in these points: 1) ideas 2) sample preparation 3) experiments 4) data analysis 5) experimental confirm by repeatability, eventually simulations 6) figures preparation 7) writing of report (it will become part of material&methods and results) 8) discussion with colleagues.

Go to the profile of Ibrahim Eissa
Ibrahim Eissa 8 months ago

Usually, as first degree of my PhD, I started to write review article about the topic with collection of all papers within the topic then I focused on UN answered question of my thoughts after that I search again and again . then I conduct my research . I think after that it will be easy to write a good paper with answered the question within the result

Go to the profile of Erica Pasini
Erica Pasini 8 months ago

I start writing when I have a question and I want to define a path to answering the question. Generally, I have identified a gap in existing literature or something I want to know and I set out to plan how to investigate it. This plan is my first writing and generally contains a short introduction to a topic so that I understand and narrow down when I precisely want to investigate, why and how.

Go to the profile of Alejandro Oliva
Alejandro Oliva 8 months ago

As soon as I start a research project. I write at a slow pace at first and pick up speed as the results of the experiments start coming in.

Go to the profile of Claudia Martinez
Claudia Martinez 8 months ago

I start writing when the figures are ready, I try to put in order the figures and see if I need to do more experiments.

Go to the profile of José F. Gómez-Clavel
José F. Gómez-Clavel 8 months ago

Generally, I start to write an article when I have the data, but before I have already written a project or I have already directed a thesis of my students.

Go to the profile of Maria Ribecco-Lutkiewicz

Write an outline and start writing when I have a good amount of data

Go to the profile of Charles Altuzarra
Charles Altuzarra 8 months ago

As an experimental physicist, I generally only start writing once I have the data. I happens sometimes that I obtain the data and as I am writing more of the paper notice that some additional sets of data need to be collected. I always start by defining the figures needed, and then I write the different parts of the paper

Go to the profile of Susana Enríquez
Susana Enríquez 8 months ago

I start writing after the experimental work or the characterization of natural observations, when I have analyzed the data and I realized that I don't need to do further work or field characterizations to explain (and support) the ideas (hypothesis or solid conclusions) I want to communicate. When I do experimental work, the idea was already present and determinant for the design of the experiments, but when I analyze field data, natural variability often surprises me with new unpredictable information. This also occurs when doing experimental work... but at the beginning of the work, when the model/hypothesis is still flexible and less defined.

Go to the profile of Carla Pinheiro
Carla Pinheiro 8 months ago

Usually, I start to write after experiments are done. I typically design a pilot experiment and after looking at the data and finding the gaps and new insights, another experiment is put in place.
For the specific task of writing, I start with M&M and with data compilation and graphical representation.

Go to the profile of Javier Melo
Javier Melo 8 months ago

I guess as you progress and become more experienced, the writing should not be the last thing you do, but rather the scaffold , where to make decisions.
From my experience the writing was always done at the end.
But I agree with the other comments that it should be started the earliest.

Go to the profile of Eliza Loo
Eliza Loo 8 months ago

I start with a draft when I obtained enough (rough) data to support my hypothesis. Then, from the draft, I'll see what other experiments are needed to make project more thorough.

Go to the profile of Warren Cordell
Warren Cordell 8 months ago

I start with a central hypothesis and then think of what evidence I need to support it. Oftentimes, some of the evidence has already been published. This material then helps build an outline for the paper as well as the research needed to prove or disprove the hypothesis. This outline serves to expose gaps in the paper's logic, the evidence as well as the flow of the paper's narrative. Logic gaps must be closed by rethinking the line of argument. Evidence gaps can be closed with either a more extensive review of published research or new experiments. Narrative gaps can be closed by reorganizing the outline or adding additional research, previously published or created. The overall process generates new questions to be answered, leading on to my next paper.

Go to the profile of Matteo Bianchi
Matteo Bianchi 8 months ago

Clearly, it depends also on the area of interest. Since my research is about mathematical logic, the results (theorems, proofs etc.) must be necessarily written in a more or less organized way, even during the beginning of the work.

Typically, I begin to write a draft - directly in LaTeX - when I have some results concerning the topic in which I am working. In this way, it is also easier to find if there is some flaw in the proofs, since I write them as if they were part of a paper.

Having a draft/incomplete paper is very useful also to share some preliminary ideas with other colleagues or scholars, and even if for some reason I have to abandon the work for some time (in particular when I have to work on more topics in parallel), having a draft is very useful to recover quickly all the necessary informations.

Go to the profile of Mwila Hilton Mwaba
Mwila Hilton Mwaba 8 months ago

I prefer to work backwards from the results. Only the aim is determined before hand then fill in the gaps after the initial aim is reached.

Go to the profile of James Rowland
James Rowland 8 months ago

So far I have started writing after my research was essentially done.

Go to the profile of Mariko Hayashi
Mariko Hayashi 8 months ago

I think I should start writing when I have a story to tell, even if I am still waiting for some pieces of the story. In reality, I find it hard to write without complete episodes.

Go to the profile of Liviu Damsa
Liviu Damsa 8 months ago

Usually I start writing after several months since the start of a project and various refinements of the initial ideas.

Go to the profile of Guoping Liu
Guoping Liu 8 months ago

A paper is going to start when results are clear, and after experiments are almost done.

Go to the profile of Jessica  Petree
Jessica Petree 8 months ago

I started writing after I thought I had a more or less complete story. However, I agree with Nature's assessment that I should have written earlier. I did several outlines at earlier stages that did help inform my experiments. Whitesides expresses this idea in his article "Writing a Paper" which I really loved reading: http://www.tulane.edu/~lamp/whiteside.pdf

Go to the profile of Laura Reingold
Laura Reingold 8 months ago

If I have the rough sense of my hypothesis, I like to write a bit just to flesh out my ideas: this helps me clarify what exactly my question is, how I could conceivably test it, what kind of results I would need to see to feel convinced. Just having that much written is a great help when it comes to lit review, and as I continue with a project referring back to that initial writing helps me see where I am in relation to my original question. Additionally, having a written record helps remind me of what I was thinking about so that even if the project evolves away from the first draft, I have a paper trail of my thought process.

Go to the profile of Samuel Carpenter
Samuel Carpenter 8 months ago

I used to keep the question/story of the paper in my head. But as I've become more experienced and worked on larger and larger datasets, I've realized that the question changes as I become more familiar with the data.

More recently; I've started writing down the question on paper. I then outline the story that answers this question as a series of steps or links in a chain. This practice keeps me honest and prevents me from acting as if I posed that brilliant question from the outset and not after countless attempts at multiple datasets.

Go to the profile of Caitano De Lima
Caitano De Lima 8 months ago

I mainly write reports for funding bodies to achieve quarantine market access. This is the main interest of the grower bodies that fund my work. Usually the next project is upon me before I have finished the one I am on. However, questions raised by farmers often require unfunded experiments to answer when the existing literature is silent. Sometimes, the results reveal the drawbacks of existing science. I design and do further replicated tests. I am planning to write these experiments where relevant as papers, for the next generation of researchers to consider when planning their own work. Your course is very encouraging.

Go to the profile of Nayely Melina Reyes-Mendoza

Usually write as soon as I get answers of my research questions.
Often begin with a scheme of the article writing some unconnected phrases in each section of the document just to imagine the final product. When I make progress with the analysis I'm ready to complete the paper.

Go to the profile of Rebecca Bertolio
Rebecca Bertolio 8 months ago

My supervisor has always suggested me to write as soon as I got my results. In this way I can go on with my ideas and I can check if I'm going in the right direction or not and I can also see if my ideal experiments are necessary or not.

Go to the profile of Nayely Melina Reyes-Mendoza

Usually start to write when finding firts answers to my research questions often based on a scheme. Then, when data analysis make progress, I work on each section of the section thoroughly.

Go to the profile of Janet Beeler-Marfisi
Janet Beeler-Marfisi 8 months ago

As I am working on the grant proposal, the study design, and when I obtain results.

Go to the profile of Julianne Bird-Nel
Julianne Bird-Nel 8 months ago

I start off my research with a research plan - usually a few pages outlining my ideas and the approach that I plan to take. I do epidemiological research based on existing datasets, so I have a good idea when I start what the storyline for my paper is. I normally start to write once I have completed the first analyses, then I use the writing process to refine my code further and conduct the correct analyses to support my conclusions.

Go to the profile of Hugo Novais
Hugo Novais 8 months ago

Usually, I start writing after obtaining preliminary results. At that moment, I idealize and write the main structure of the paper. The critical thinking with the members of the team exposes gaps and failures. The natural consequence is the development of further investigation, resulting in an increase of the quantity and quality of the results. Me, and the team, repeat these steps until we’re satisfied with the final product.

Go to the profile of Lucia Moreira-Teixeira
Lucia Moreira-Teixeira 8 months ago

I start by putting the data together in figures for the paper - after my research is essentially done. I then start writing the paper when I have most of the figures ready.
I have to agree with some of the comments posted here, that it may help to start writing the paper earlier as often while writing and going back to the literature I have more ideas for the project and some times I realize how I could have designed my experiments differently to get more information out of the data.

Go to the profile of Branislava Lalic
Branislava Lalic 8 months ago

I start to write when I am absolutely certain about results obtained. In communication with other researchers I, usually, finish discussion and conclusion parts and start to write Introduction and Material and Method section. So, one can say that I first write second half of the paper and then first. Of course in time course, research realization I conduct in the order presented finally in the paper (analysis of current status of research, assembly of data and methods) but, when we speak about writing process it is second-first-half concept.

Go to the profile of Fadeke Agboola
Fadeke Agboola 8 months ago

I used to think writing would be when there are results, but from personal experience, I know better. Writing should be as soon as the project starts as this will make even the research project to progress nicely

Go to the profile of Joris Eekhout
Joris Eekhout 8 months ago

I usually make a structure of a manuscript (introduction, material & methods, results, discussion, conclusions) while I'm still doing the actual research. Little by little I write down some text. While I'm studying the literature I keep track of what might be interesting for the Introduction and the Discussion. While I'm setting up my experiment I write down what I've done. When I finish the experiment and have analysed the data I write the results section. Then I start to structure the manuscript and try to make the story. This process can take up some months and in that time I try to convince myself what the importance is of what I have studied. When you take more time to write the paper, you can better reflect on your own work. This makes the writing process a lot easier.

Go to the profile of Jianlin Geng
Jianlin Geng 8 months ago

Start writing when I have about 80% of the work done for a paper

Go to the profile of Ibrahim Sanad
Ibrahim Sanad 8 months ago

As soon as I have a new idea, I keep digging on it until I have got reasonable results. Hence, it's the start point of my writing. sometimes while writing I have updated my results or modifying the idea according to data in hand.

Go to the profile of Nandeesha Veeranna
Nandeesha Veeranna 8 months ago

I start writing a paper when I get the preliminary results. The preliminary results act as a catalyst to come up with my own proposed methodology(optimized one) for a particular problem statement.

Go to the profile of Garima Tyagi
Garima Tyagi 8 months ago

I start writing a paper when I have most results of proposed experiments for a story and then fill in gaps with more experiments that I realize need to be done to make the story more complete.

Go to the profile of Zahid Qureshi
Zahid Qureshi 8 months ago

Initially, I write a research plan. After conducting a broad literature survey, I write a preliminary synopsis of the manuscript. Make notes as I conduct the research, once I have significant results commence writing the manuscript.

Go to the profile of Mohsen Kayal
Mohsen Kayal 8 months ago

I usually start the writing process post data analysis, once I have a complete story that covers the findings of the results lined up. However, I often also write down some key notes about the hypotheses that brought me to gather those data beforehand, prior the data analysis. Those notes usually help me develop the Introduction and Discussion sections of the paper later on.

Go to the profile of Martina Busetti
Martina Busetti 8 months ago

I start to write a paper after finishing to analyze almost all the data.

Go to the profile of Yongbiao Zhao
Yongbiao Zhao 8 months ago

Most time, I need to get enough experimental data first, then when the story looks complete I will start preparing the figure set and then the paper draft. But I think it would be quite helpful if I can write down the plan beforehand.

Go to the profile of Haesun Park
Haesun Park 8 months ago

I start writing a draft when I get to see the story begins to unfold with regards to the test hypothesis and during that initial writing if i think any additional experiments are needed to firm up the conclusion, then I do more experiments. After that, my manuscript will be completed.

Go to the profile of R Vasudeva
R Vasudeva 8 months ago

I start writing the moment I plan to design an experiment and I know that there are things in the pipeline (e.g. experimental lab work). I start by building a structure albeit a rough skeletal structure that then helps me construct sentences around it. These small bits of detail are crucial as some reviewers ask for that sort of information in the methods. So early to write in the process helps your brain to tick towards building that great structure around the manuscript.

Go to the profile of Ningjing Lei
Ningjing Lei 8 months ago

I usually start writing after getting most of the data. The manuscript is written based on the project designed originally, which will be modified during the process of conducting the experiments.

Go to the profile of Yong-Wook Shin
Yong-Wook Shin 8 months ago

I used to start writing after getting some results from the data. However, recently I try to write earlier while doing analysis.

Go to the profile of Longbing Qu
Longbing Qu 8 months ago

Usually I start to write the outline for my research project when I have a good research idea and do some preliminary experiments to confirm the research idea. Then, finish and modify the outline during doing the necessary experiments and analysis. Finally, reorganize the modified outline and adding more details and discussion to the outline. Then, the manuscript is finished.

Go to the profile of Liang Wu
Liang Wu 8 months ago

I start writing up about halfway through the project, once there is an identifiable story in the data. I then go back to experiments after identifying what elements are still missing.

Go to the profile of Funita Phan
Funita Phan 8 months ago

I try to use my notebook to write. I write the purpose of the experiment, hypothesis it is testing, and then how the conclusions differ from the hypothesis and how it fits into the purpose of the experiment and as a figure. That way I can easily keep track of my figures with the conclusions as a quick summary of each experiment and flip through them as I then put together the paper.

Go to the profile of Alexander Popert
Alexander Popert 8 months ago

Writing a paper starts for me by summarising my early results for the presentation in our group - that's when the story is born, and that's when it becomes more clear what the data should communicate. This early step is the beginning of the writing process for me - even if no real manuscript exists yet

Go to the profile of Shiyong Wang
Shiyong Wang 8 months ago

I usually start writing a paper after fully understanding the data. I start with preparing figures in a logic way. Before that, I have written several experimental reports, including background, raw data, analysis etc.

Go to the profile of WonMoo Kim
WonMoo Kim 8 months ago

I start writing the tentative title and rough abstract as well as very draft outline as early as I start designing the experiment, and fill in some result figures at the relevant outline during the research. However, it is not until I come up with several key figures and results that I start completely re-writing and re-organizing the paper. It works for me when things go well(?) in that I can plan ahead the logics needed; but sometimes the results are against my hypothesis, and my first draft are just wasted. The worst case is I sometimes try to 'save' some of the original designs and ideas, in which likely to end up drafting without point.
Still trying to find the optimum...

Go to the profile of Wenli Zheng
Wenli Zheng 8 months ago

start writing during the project

Go to the profile of Kang Ma
Kang Ma 8 months ago

After to analyse the results

Go to the profile of Ross  Colquhoun
Ross Colquhoun 8 months ago

I often start writing, while doing back ground research (literature review) in some detail at the very beginning in order to make a submission for a grant or for funding. It means I have to relate the submission to and build on the research I have done and any data I have collected and to then see if it fits with the latest research and be able to offer a rationale for doing the research (Is it justified as being plausible, likely to produce useful results and offering new information). I would also plan the research project in some detail such as looking at available resources, time and personnel and creating a budget. I would then look at and detail what data to collect and in what form to be able to use the most appropriate statistical modelling. No good collecting data if it is not in the most suitable form and usable. All this would form the basis of any final paper.

Go to the profile of Manuela Hartwig
Manuela Hartwig 8 months ago

I start writing a paper as soon as I got the idea in my head about what I want to find out, what I want to analyze and how. Creating the structure of a paper helps me to focus. Unfortunately, many of these ideas don't actually end up in a complete paper. This I want to change and hope to get more papers all the way.

Go to the profile of Thilak Mallawaarachchi
Thilak Mallawaarachchi 8 months ago

I commence my writing as I develop a project. Writing helps me organise and communicate with my colleagues. All my good papers commenced as a conference paper or a presentation and with feed-back they turned out well. I encourage my students and those I mentor to follow this plan, but not everyone is comfortable doing that.

Go to the profile of Moreno Marcellini
Moreno Marcellini 8 months ago

I start almost immediately, by reviewing literature, by writing pseudo-introduction and methods. When experimental results are repeatable, I prepare figures and draft the story-telling.

Go to the profile of John Paterson
John Paterson 8 months ago

I begin with a literature review before commencing my research and try to identify any errors in the interpretation of data or any other problems that were encountered by previous workers. Following this I draw out a basic plan of my proposed methodology and I determine what observations would be needed to clarify any issues that are central to what I am studying. Once I have some conclusive results I start writing, but experience has shown me that sometimes observations can be very difficult to explain and results can often be quite counter-intuitive.

Go to the profile of Ruth Magaye
Ruth Magaye 8 months ago

I start to write my paper by setting out relevant questions or ideas i want to answer in my experiments. Then i expand on it using literature and the result of my experiments. My writing begins before i start doing experiments.

Go to the profile of Angel Calderon
Angel Calderon 8 months ago

Wow... there are a variety of responses. I would say it depends on the topic and everyone's style. I tend to write down ideas as I read. Often I will start writing a paper with no detailed plan but have a structure in place.

Go to the profile of Hazem Abdelmaksoud
Hazem Abdelmaksoud 8 months ago

For my first paper, I began writing when I finished the analysis of all the data extracted from the experiments, but after gaining some experience, I began putting the first lines when getting some early promissing results.

Go to the profile of Siva Prasad Murugan
Siva Prasad Murugan 8 months ago

"Have you ever faced a situation where you are working on a piece of writing and suddenly find a gap in your train of thought?" I have faced it so many times.

Go to the profile of Angel Abuelo
Angel Abuelo 8 months ago

There are some sections that I start conceiving and drafting as soon as I have the idea. Basically the Introduction and some sections of the M&M

Go to the profile of Cameron Shearer
Cameron Shearer 8 months ago

I start to write when I believe I have answered my hypothesis - or found an answer to new research question (if initial hypothesis not supported by data). I can then finish remaining experiments concurrently with acquiring final results

Go to the profile of Benjamin  Baffoe
Benjamin Baffoe 8 months ago

I start to write down my ideas after reading many research papers and Identify gaps that relates to my field that I can best get data from. Then I jots down many connected ideas before I begin to put them together. .

Go to the profile of Jayaraman Tharmalingam
Jayaraman Tharmalingam 8 months ago

First, I draw an outline of research in my mind and write each experiment section of the paper after collection and analysis of data

Go to the profile of Martin Frauenlob
Martin Frauenlob 8 months ago

It´s the second time for me and surely it depends on the field of your study but I start with a story in my head, with a problem. And therefore i try to think of graphs and figures to describe or solve this problem. So if I am able to deliver the first set of data for the imagined graph or figure and if they support my assumption I start or will start to write.

Go to the profile of Christopher Sundling
Christopher Sundling 8 months ago

I start writing fairly late in the process, basically when I think I have enough data to write up the project. I often start with the figure file much earlier though, which I find very helpful in finding holes in my "story". In a sense I guess making the figure file is the same as "writing" the paper, only using pictures instead of words and very helpful in also defining the "story" itself. It's also easier to discuss a figure file with colleagues than a full manuscript, at least if it's at an early stage.

Go to the profile of Alex Corbett
Alex Corbett 8 months ago

totally agree that the paper can help organise thoughts/experiments. I don't do this well and tend to do far too many look-see experiments before focussing into a paper.

Go to the profile of Olive Onyemaobi
Olive Onyemaobi 8 months ago

I start writing before the experiments.

Go to the profile of Penelope  Dalla
Penelope Dalla 8 months ago

I start writing fairly late, usually after the experiments have been analysed and are developing the figures. I agree here that this is a little late in the game, and that I should potentially start writing as early as possible in the process.

Go to the profile of Joan Marunga
Joan Marunga 8 months ago

I like to start my write up after I have obtained the very first set of result

Go to the profile of Mohammed Emran
Mohammed Emran 8 months ago

first I design the paper in my mind, then write my design on a paper, after that the result is the main director.
when I get my result according to my plane and make a discussion about the novelty of the idea , the impact of my result, I will start writing.

Go to the profile of Orlagh  Feeney
Orlagh Feeney 8 months ago

Normally our group sets up a very rough 'story' so the paper begins with a thought bubble powerpoint slide full of (hopeless?) optimism and one core hypothesis. The crucial data is generated first and then we go back to the 'story' to figure out what data might make the argument stronger and balance that with what's doable Vs what's a potential timesink. Of course in reality it never runs this smoothly, but every set of experiments is designed for a 'story' prior to the actual paper being written.

Go to the profile of Jana Frank
Jana Frank 8 months ago

I started writing after I analysed the results. While writing, I realized it would be much more efficient if i wrote at least the introduction before starting the experiment.

Go to the profile of Zerina Tomkins
Zerina Tomkins 8 months ago

I start at the very beginning when the idea first comes to mind with a flow chart with my hypothesis as a heading. Then I consider where my ideas might go and what sort of experiments I would need to do to tell me an answer to my hypothesis. Each of these flow chart segments then become paragraphs for methods/ results/ discussion. The first draft is always way too flowery and the editing is probably where I spend a lot of my time. As I am also bi-lingual and English does not come easy in terms of 'right ' words To express what I think I do find that often what I think and say are two very different things so that too requires a lot of work to get that draft to life.

Go to the profile of Kwangzoo Chung
Kwangzoo Chung 8 months ago

from the moment I got an idea.

Go to the profile of Ichiro Kasajima
Ichiro Kasajima 7 months ago

I begin with writing the title and abstract. Then prepare figures, and finally the other parts of the manuscript in the order of published papers. The whole process will be completed within one month.

Go to the profile of Michael Stear
Michael Stear 7 months ago

I think about the format of the paper very early before the experiments are completed.
I don't start to write until late on. All the data and analyses are in and the figures are ready.

Go to the profile of Helene Aflenzer
Helene Aflenzer 7 months ago

I (student) would start at the beginning of my experiment so I would have my experimental methods step by step. As soon as I have my first questions answered, I would start preparing a manuscript.

Go to the profile of Yu Mao
Yu Mao 7 months ago

When I get all of my results and confirmed by the supervisor

Go to the profile of Chandan Narayan
Chandan Narayan 7 months ago

After most of your data is out and in good shape. That seems logical. But for the experimental part, just the introduction, materials and methods, abstract, these can be started pretty early on, so that you can actually finish writing as soon as you get your most important data.

Go to the profile of Jennifer Pistevos
Jennifer Pistevos 7 months ago

Most of the time writing starts once I have the results and having performed the analysis where a story can be etched out. Often the methodology might be written while still conducting the research - that way ensuring any details are not left out.

Go to the profile of Azza Harisna
Azza Harisna 7 months ago

I usually start to write after getting results.

Go to the profile of Venkatesan Chithravel
Venkatesan Chithravel 7 months ago

I too try to get good amount of data which are logically fits according to my ideation or proposed thinking then start writing a paper. Bow now I feel It should go parallel so that your idea can be refined and complete understanding of the problem from the past, present and envisioning the future aspects of the problem after you publish the paper on the research done on that problem.

Go to the profile of Prottoy Hasan
Prottoy Hasan 7 months ago

I start writing when I get some data and with that data I can make a figure for my hypothesis. At least the part of material and method can be written. These are also helpful to present a poster in a scientific session.

Go to the profile of Judith Lovell
Judith Lovell 7 months ago

I often start to write as I collect and analyse data - but I am a social scientist - so not really 'qualified' for Nature. I make journal notes, review literature and look at data often iteratively. I often make a first draft for myself form data which may then turn into a small series of papers - as trying to deal with the whole set of findings and contexts is too much for one paper. I am generally working on more than one paper at a time, adn I also try and work with collaborators, and across disciplines

Go to the profile of Jisha Maniamma
Jisha Maniamma 7 months ago

I would read multiple papers and start with Introduction and literature review. And from the literature review i would find the gap and start my research. Side by side prepare my work flow and write down it in as a rough draft.

Go to the profile of Pablo Bifani
Pablo Bifani 7 months ago

I'm visual. I first start with a schematic diagram of the whole story , then a rough plan of the figures and data to be presented.
Sometime, some of the the students struggle with the schematic diagram, others spend many sessions changing it and improving it. It help me to have a clear vision of the whole story and I believe it also helps the student and the readers.

Go to the profile of Yuki Yamada
Yuki Yamada 7 months ago

Intro to method is written as a proposal before experiments, and after the analysis of the results, I write the rest.

Go to the profile of Michael Awuah
Michael Awuah 7 months ago

I start to write a paper when i have an idea about a research issue. I begin by structuring the outline of my paper. Then i follow the process of producing content for constituent parts of the outline.

Go to the profile of Bradley Baker
Bradley Baker 7 months ago

Figures first then outline like a story board. If there are no major gaps in the story we start writing. Not entirely sure if there is a set point to begin. Also have trouble knowing where to stop.

Go to the profile of Ivan Palomares Carrascosa

as soon as I have given shape to an idea, i.e. once the first node of the research life-cycle diagram is reached. Then both writing and practical research/experiments are undertaken in parallel

Go to the profile of Natalia  Muñoz Wolf
Natalia Muñoz Wolf 7 months ago

After I've done a key first two or three experiments that show that I have a potentially interesting observation I start by writing the working hypothesis and a potential paper title that will remind me of where I want to go with my research. Then I try to lay out four or five key figures that will be needed to prove/disprove my hypothesis. As I analyse I generate a slide show presentations with all the figures and the main conclusions from each experiment and the next steps. I find that this slide show with 3-5 main figures becomes the skeleton of my first draft as I write the figure legends and develop my ideas and conclusions as I write the other sections and also helps me identify gaps in the study. I usually leave the intro and abstract as the last sections to be written and I normally end up changing the title for a more concise and sometimes more interesting/suggesting title cause I find the more I consider and analyse the data I become more convinced of the value of the study for the community and that must be reflected in a more provocative title to attract more readers.

Go to the profile of Jun Xu
Jun Xu 7 months ago

When I have most data and these can tell a story.
I begin with writing the experimental and results part.

Go to the profile of Mingyu Lee
Mingyu Lee 7 months ago

When I notice my project is clear and when i have to find the meaning of my target in immune system or disease

Go to the profile of Dario Delgado
Dario Delgado 7 months ago

To be honest, first I have the idea about my experiments, I do them, then based on my results I decide if they are publishable. An idea must come from a gap in the literature that one finds after exhaustive reading. In my head, I develop the template of my article to publish as the data is processed. Really hard to know in advance what the data would look like if you are new in research. Now being more experienced I write the article in my head long before starting the experiments.

Go to the profile of Haijiang Chen
Haijiang Chen 7 months ago

Usually start writing the paper after i have got most parts of the results.

Go to the profile of Nagaratnam Jeyasreedharan

As my research tend to be applied and empirical, I usually start writing after the data analysis is near completion.

Go to the profile of Fouzia Guestini
Fouzia Guestini 7 months ago

I start writing when I have enough evidence to answer the hypothesis I set at the beginning and have well understood the mechanism (pathways) so I can explain it clearly.

Go to the profile of Kwadwo Asare Owusu
Kwadwo Asare Owusu 7 months ago

I usually start the main writing process after achieving some publishable results (ie gathering sufficient data and arriving at an interesting/novel conclusions). However, I observed it usually takes two months in writing a full draft manuscript, and this tend to slow down the process of publishing a good paper on time. I hope to inculcate the idea of writing in the early stages of my experiments in my subsequent works.

Go to the profile of Kwadwo Asare Owusu
Kwadwo Asare Owusu 7 months ago

I usually start writing after obtaining some interesting and verifiable results.

Go to the profile of Dominic Bryant
Dominic Bryant 7 months ago

I like to start out write by briefly writing my introduction and methods before I have conducted my data collection. Once I have my data and conducted my statistical anyalysis, I will write my results and discussion section drawing conclusions from the results I have found. I will finally go back to my introduction and methods to make sure my paper makes logical sense and I have addressed any changes to the statistical methods I used to analyse the results.

Go to the profile of Maria  Artigas
Maria Artigas 7 months ago

Start writing when the main objetive or when I got the main result, this mean I already think about base why I doing the experiment and may I need complementary experiment for the paper, which became clear during the writing process

Go to the profile of Antony Mutua Nzioka
Antony Mutua Nzioka 7 months ago

I begin writing a paper after having formulated the tasks/objectives i would like to achieve. However, in the course of formulating and designing experimental setup, other newer ideas may come up that will be of great help.

Go to the profile of Phil Kavanagh
Phil Kavanagh 7 months ago

After I've conducted the study.

Go to the profile of Linh Cao Thi Thuy
Linh Cao Thi Thuy 7 months ago

I usualy start to write after finishing several series of experiments. After getting the data, I picked up interesting data that seemed to be originals in my research field and arranged them in a coherent way and wrote paper as telling a story.

Go to the profile of Eliana
Eliana 7 months ago

Mostly after having the majority of the results, but will definitely think about starting earlier after reading this.

Go to the profile of Holly Hunsberger
Holly Hunsberger 6 months ago

I start writing after I have a pretty complete picture of my results. Not necessarily all of the results, but most.

Go to the profile of James Burchfield
James Burchfield 6 months ago

I write at the end of the process. However, I see the value in getting started at the beginning. This has become particularly evident from grant writing. It as suggested by others gives clarity of thought and focus.

Go to the profile of Sara Vazirian
Sara Vazirian 6 months ago

I start writing after the data analysis has been completed and we have ready to present results. I begin by reading similar articles and searching for potential scientific journals

Go to the profile of Mariana Alicia Pascual Robles

Reserach always begin with a proposal of the experiments that will get you a degree or a grant. In this point is when it is easy to see some gaps. But more important gaos can be noticed with committee meetings and while preparing to present to an audience, like a poster in a congress. But I have found that talking to people is always useful, particularly if they are not in the sae field because I have to be able to explain things in a plain language and they can ask questions that I hadn't tought before. So presenting, dialoguing and writting at every step of the research process is a lot of work but it can be very rewarding.

Go to the profile of Haile Yang
Haile Yang 5 months ago

Start writing when I design my work

Go to the profile of Jack Ing
Jack Ing 5 months ago

Go to the profile of Jack Ing
Jack Ing 5 months ago

I used to start my writing when I finished all the figures. Usually by that time I found a large part of my experiments are useless and further works are required to acquire a nice figure. I decide to make some change.

Go to the profile of Mingxiang Hu
Mingxiang Hu 5 months ago

I started writing when I finished my experiments and collected all data needed.

Go to the profile of Na Xiao
Na Xiao 5 months ago

I start write my paper after i have enough data for it.I may start earlier in the future.

Go to the profile of Yang Chen
Yang Chen 5 months ago

Start writing once some attractive results emerge.

Go to the profile of Shizhuo Yang
Shizhuo Yang 5 months ago

Normally, we start to prepare the paper writing after analyzing the results, which is not the most efficient way. After reading the advice, I think it's better to start the paper writing earlier in the future research.

Go to the profile of Jianfang Li
Jianfang Li 5 months ago

I usually start to think about paper writing when I got the main data or first two or three figures for one story. I really agree with your opinion.

Go to the profile of Heena Lad
Heena Lad 5 months ago

As I start communicating my research through presentations informally and, have some clear results outcomes, I begin thinking about the figures and main headlines of the paper before drafting.

Go to the profile of Gina Ziervogel
Gina Ziervogel 5 months ago

Although in principle it makes sense to start writing or outlining the paper as the research process starts, I have found I don't do that. I do the main chunk of research and then look at what I have and plan my paper.

Go to the profile of Kerryn Warren
Kerryn Warren 5 months ago

I try to think first about the questions I want to answer. Then jot down the analyses/data I need to answer them (which turns into methodology and result).

Go to the profile of Samantha H. Y.  Loh
Samantha H. Y. Loh 5 months ago

Start structuring the paper when the project looks promising and the results of two or more key experiments are positive.

Go to the profile of Shuguang Wang
Shuguang Wang 5 months ago

When I was doing my own experiments, I couldn't stop to write because I really don't know what were the results of experiments. Getting the results is not enough. I start writing only after getting the interpretation and coming up with a model. Maybe it's common for physics but not other subjects.

Go to the profile of Emilea Watts
Emilea Watts 4 months ago

I start writing when i do my literature reviews, it helps me develop a clear idea of what has been done and what i am going to do. It is the first "chapter" of the story if you like.

Go to the profile of Qiusong Chen
Qiusong Chen 4 months ago

After preparing most of essential data.

Go to the profile of Guorui Yao
Guorui Yao 4 months ago

I usually prepare all the figures and decide the order to present them before start writing.

Go to the profile of Lei Pan
Lei Pan 4 months ago

I make sure that the result is valuable.

Go to the profile of Zeru Wu
Zeru Wu 4 months ago

After getting enough data which can draw a reliable conclusion.

Go to the profile of Qingyu Xiao
Qingyu Xiao 4 months ago

After finishing my work...

Go to the profile of Zhou Li
Zhou Li 4 months ago

after getting the initial results, then write while doing experiments

Go to the profile of Nancy Mazmanian
Nancy Mazmanian 4 months ago

I start writing after I've done extensive research and analysis. It's important to get something started while the information is fresh. What I write may not be in the finished paper but it serves as a starting point.

Go to the profile of Georgina Espino Bardales

I start writing after I have some thought/ideas together and just do a word splatter. I write everything down on the paper as is in my head and then do back to organize it. This helps me see what things I should focus on more when doing research/ if i have to do more research.

Go to the profile of Liliana Layer
Liliana Layer 4 months ago

Usually I write a paper after I have accumulated the data. Sometimes this is the right way, because the direction of the paper can change with the data obtained. However, currently I am writing a paper while gathering the data. We need to be fast this time. And most of the times, I start with writing the results part, then the introduction and then discussion and methods.

Go to the profile of Tongtong Zhu
Tongtong Zhu 4 months ago

I start writing the Manuscript when my research has preliminary results. During the time I organize the manuscript, It helps me to re-examine my research and confirm the next period work to ensure our research is “correct” and finish the research.

Go to the profile of Samantha McDonald
Samantha McDonald 4 months ago

Given that I am a student, I am writing constantly about all the research I want to do for my classes.

Go to the profile of Pengwei Zhou
Pengwei Zhou 4 months ago

when I found some things different from other's results or the results are not founded before ,I started organize my thoughts. Even though the results may meaningless to others, but not to me

Go to the profile of Jinqiu Xu
Jinqiu Xu 3 months ago

starting writing paper in the experiment section, I always divide one paper into several parts to write

Go to the profile of Sugata Sumida
Sugata Sumida 3 months ago

I start writing when I know the flow of argument and structures, and fix the conclusion. I usually make a power point first and if I like the power point presentation, I start writing.

Go to the profile of Andrea Marie Jones
Andrea Marie Jones 3 months ago

I typically write the outline of the introduction and research questions at the beginning to get a clear idea of what i'm doing. Next I write up the methods and results after completing the analysis. I try to make notes while conducting the research to help with writing up the methods later.

Go to the profile of Sichao Zhang
Sichao Zhang 3 months ago

I start to write when I get most data result, and I begin with writing the experiment process and result analysis.

Go to the profile of Valeria
Valeria 3 months ago

when I think about the organisation of the experiment, so when the idea come out of my mind!

Go to the profile of Ryan Shaw
Ryan Shaw 3 months ago

Ideally I would start when I have a question/hypothesis that I am testing, and then write out the experiment to answer/test it. Then stop and think about how well the proposed method will achieve this, and make adjustments or brainstorm additional ways to solve the problem.

Go to the profile of Nadia Khartabil
Nadia Khartabil 2 months ago

After getting preliminary results


Go to the profile of Jie Zheng
Jie Zheng 2 months ago

I always question myself what's the key message I want to send to my audience and what the figures should look like. Usually the answers become a little bit clear after I have done some preliminary analyses. By keeping writing in my mind, it helps me think through the further analysis I need to do.

Go to the profile of Fidelis
Fidelis about 2 months ago

I write after the research is concluded.

Go to the profile of Colette Aguirre
Colette Aguirre about 1 month ago

I start writing once I feel organized enough and when I feel that I have adequately answered the questions I intended to find out in the beginning.

Go to the profile of Christine Schuy
Christine Schuy about 1 month ago

Go to the profile of Lyndsay Young
Lyndsay Young about 1 month ago

I usually start writing after I have gathered some data. Usually methods, and research first then intro and discussion

Go to the profile of Anthony Davidson
Anthony Davidson 21 days ago

Very roughly from the start of a project using RMarkdown documentation during my analysis in R

Go to the profile of Heydar Davoudi
Heydar Davoudi 14 days ago

I start writing a paper once a cohesive stroy can be derived from my analysis.

Go to the profile of Mohamed Fathi
Mohamed Fathi 14 days ago

after a lot of readings , I write to identify the steps and how to do it